Economic Participation Rights and the All-Affected Principle




all-affected principle, democratic boundary problem, economic participation, non-citizens, transnational democratic inclusion.


The democratic boundary problem raises the question of who has democratic participation rights in a given polity and why. One possible solution to this problem is the all-affected principle (AAP), according to which a polity ought to enfranchise all persons whose interests are affected by the polity’s decisions in a morally significant way. While AAP offers a plausible principle of democratic enfranchisement, its supporters have so far not paid sufficient attention to economic participation rights. I argue that if one commits oneself to AAP, one must also commit oneself to the view that political participation rights are not necessarily the only, and not necessarily the best, way to protect morally weighty interests. I also argue that economic participation rights raise important worries about democratic accountability, which is why their exercise must be constrained by a number of moral duties.

Author Biography

Annette Zimmermann, Nuffield College University of Oxford

Annette Zimmermann is a DPhil candidate in political philosophy at Nuffield College and at the Department of Politics and International Relations at the University of Oxford.


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